Before class, you prepare 12 sets of 4 dropper bottles (A, B, C, D). The 4 bottles in each set contain an acid (vinegar), a base (ammonia), water and phenolphthalein. Which substance goes in which bottle varies with each set - the provided materials include a chart so you know how to fill the bottles.
Each team of students takes one set of bottles and a spot plate. Using their knowledge of acids, bases and indicators, the students combine the substances (one drop at a time) in varying combinations to determine the identity of each substance.
This activity can prove to be a bit challenging for some students, but encourage them to keep working to solve the problem and resist the urge to give away too much information. Encourage students to review what they know about the substances:
--phenolphthalein turns pink in a base
--phenolphthalein stays colorless in an acid
--water does not change whether a substance is acidic or basic
In case you haven't figured it out yet, I highly value hands-on experiences for students. Virtual is great and provides opportunities that students may not otherwise be able to have, but if both the hands-on activity and a virtual version were available, I'd choose hands-on each time.
Now that you know my feelings on such things, I wanted to let you know there is a virtual version of this lab available. I could see myself using the virtual version to introduce students to the activity and demonstrate how they'll be proceeding when they get to their lab stations.